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Maximilien Luce

1858–1941, Paris

The late Impressionist painter, Maximilien Luce, initially trained as a printmaker and began his painting studies in 1876 under Eugène Froment and at the Académie Suisse in Paris. Together with his fellow students, Léo Gausson and Emile-Gustave Cavallo-Peduzzi, Luce founded a group of artists called the Groupe de Lagny, which critically examined George Seurat’s theory of colour. On the occasion of his debut at the Salon des Indépendants Luce made the acquaintance of Camille Pissarro and Paul Signac. The latter bought one of Luce’s paintings and remained on friendly terms with him for the rest of his life. In 1889 and 1892 Luce was invited by Emile Verhaeren and Theo van Rysselberghe to participate in the annual exhibition of Les Vingt, a progressive artists’ association in Brussels. This put him among the artistic avant-garde of his time, the closeness between his work and Seurat’s pointillist and divisionist style of painting making him one of the leading Neo-Impressionists.