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Bernhard Vogel

(1683 Nuremberg – 1737 Augsburg)

Portrait of Johann Kupezky with his Son at the Spinet. Mezzotint after J. Kupezky. 34.3 x 25.7 cm. 1737. Nagler 12 II.

This famous portrait, also known as the Portrait with Spec­tacles, has its origins in a self-portrait by the Bohemian painter, Johann Kupezky (1667–1740), who was active from 1723 in Nuremberg, where he was held in great esteem. The painted version is now in the Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart (Inv. No. 379). Kupezky, who is wearing a velvet beret and a comfortable dressing gown tied with a sash around his waist, has adopted a self-confident pose. The artist was undoubtedly inspired by Rembrandt’s self-portraits. While his powerful, stocky figure dominates the scene, it is above all the rigorous and unsparing psychological characterisation of his person which lends a unique touch to this work of art. The furrowed brow, the melan­choly gaze behind the horn-rimmed spectacles and the turned-down corners of his mouth all point to introspection and painful reflection. The reason for this was undoubtedly the passing of his son, Christian Johann Friedrich Kupezky, who died of smallpox in 1733 at the age of just seventeen.

In this second state the figure of his son has been added to the composition. With his right hand the boy points meaningfully at the score of a composition for spinet, the scene symbolising the cultivated atmosphere and domestic harmony which must once have reigned in the Kupezky household. The author of this mezzotint, the engraver Bernhard Vogel, ranked among the foremost German reproductive engravers of his time. Active alternately in Augsburg and Nuremberg, he was known above all for an anthology with mezzotints after inventions by Kupezky, in which Valentin Daniel Preissler was also involved. These reproductive engravings were of considerable importance for the dissemination and reputation of Kupezky’s paint­ings and made his name known beyond southern Germany. A superb, contrasting impression with even margins. Minor ageing, traces of previous mounting in the upper margin on the verso, otherwise in excellent condition.

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